Glossary M – R

M

N

O

Ordinary Time
The time in the church’s year which is between seasons. It falls in two main blocks: a short one between Epiphany (or in the Church of England at present, Candlemas) and the start of Lent, and then the long summer and autumn period between Pentecost and the start of Advent. The colour used to denote Ordinary Time is the ordinary colour of nature – green.

P

Paten
The plate which is used for the bread in the celebration of the eucharist, from the Latin word patina, meaning dish or pan
Pentateuch
See Torah
Presentation of the Lord
A feast that falls on 2 February, but is often celebrated on the nearest Sunday. It marks the events of the last infancy story in Luke’s gospel, when Mary and Joseph complete the Jewish rites surrounding birth in the temple at the end of 40 days. See Luke 2:22-40. It is also known as Candlemas, from the blessing of candles associated with the day, and has historically also been known as the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Q

R

Reformation
This is the time when, following the protests of Martin Luther beginning in 1517, a number of different theologians and politicians argued for major reform in the church. Technically, it was not one reformation but many. Lutheran, Calvinist, and Catholic Reformations (to name but three) went on alongside each other over the course of the 16th century. The end result was a series of major splits in the Western Church, the beginnings of the various denominations we see in today’s church.